Around the sixth century BCE, Jainism arose in Northern India. There are currently over 4 million Jain adherents all over the world. Jainism teaches how to achieve moksha by working your karma and freeing your soul without the need for outside help. Who founded Jain dharma? There is no single founder of Jain dharma, and there are many and known as Thirthankaras, which means a teacher who leads people in the right direction. According to Jains, there were 24 Thirthankaras who attained and taught the path to salvation or nirvana. Listening to Bhaktamar songs will help you deepen your spiritual reflection. Jains do not regard their teachers as divine incarnations. They are ordinary souls, according to them, who meditated and attained the supreme meaning of life by equanimity and penance. As a result, Thirthankara refers to a person’s highest spiritual state. Mahavir jayanti is an important Jain festival, celebrating the birth of the last Thirthankara Mahavira. Two different Jain sects There are two types of Jain sects: Digambara and Svetambara. Both adhere to the same fundamental values and teachings of Jainism, but they differ in their views on divine positions, monk’s clothing, women’s status, rituals, and texts. Digambaras claim that women can’t achieve emancipation unless they have first been born a male. They do not have any earthly things and live naked. Svetambaras believe that both men and women will achieve freedom. They dress modestly and carry reading and writing books. Get rid of all karma to attain moksha The fundamental concept of Jainism is nonviolence. For Jains, karma refers to the spiritual quality of a person’s existence, and karma must not be experienced by the soul. They assume that you can’t achieve freedom until you eliminate all of your karmas. The Principle of Jainism is to live in peace and religious harmony. Jains believe that every living being has equal importance and they are strongly concerned about not harming any of them, including insects.